Definition Reflex Camera
A reflex camera is a photographic camera in which the user (the photographer) sees the image to be photographed directly through an optical viewfinder without any parallax error.
The light enters the camera through the lens, is reflected in a mirror (hence the name, from the English reflex, which means reflection), and through it, the image reaches the viewfinder. There are two types of SLR cameras: SLR (single-lens reflex) and TLR (two lens reflex).
Features of a DSLR
- THE SENSOR: The sensor is the camera element that detects and captures the image’s information. DSLR cameras come equipped with much larger sensors than compact or semi-reflex cameras, so DSLRs produce higher-quality images.
- LESS NOISE: In low light situations (photos in the shade or at night without a flash), digital SLR cameras produce images with less noise.
- INTERCHANGEABLE LENSES: There is an immense range of lenses for digital SLR cameras, depending on the purpose, brightness, price, etc. This will allow us much more versatility in taking pictures.
- ACCESSORIES: There are many accessories for SLR cameras: tripod, flash, filters, shutter, adapters, GPS, straps, covers, etc.
- SHOOTING SPEED: SLRs stand out for their immediacy of shooting. Practically, when our finger presses the shutter button, the photo is taken, with a difference of very small milliseconds. And in “burst shooting” mode, they can take at least three pictures per second, some reaching ten photos per second or more.
- RESISTANCE: SLR cameras (except for some inexpensive ones) are designed to withstand heat, extreme cold, rain, etc. And some SLRs are purposely made to withstand severe weather conditions like rain.
- PRICE: In the past, it was a luxury to have a DSLR because of how expensive they were. Today there are low-cost, medium, and high-end SLR cameras. Although they are not free, there are different price possibilities.
- GREATER CREATIVE CONTROL: Perhaps the most critical feature of SLR cameras, along with the sensor issue, is the possibility of manual (M) shooting mode. It allows us total and absolute control over the photo we will do: the shutter speed, the aperture/aperture, the ISO, the white balance, and others. Although there are many decisions at once, it is the way we can best exploit our camera.
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Cons Of Buying a SLR
Now let’s look at the matter from the other side: In what case would a reflex camera not work for you?
- SIZE: SLR cameras are big and heavy (compared to others). Compared to a compact camera, THEY ARE HUGE. Difficult to hide (difficult to sneak photos) and take up space in our bags. If the idea is to go light, maybe yours is not an SLR.
- MANUAL MODE: They are cameras designed to be used in manual mode (M) because they give better results. Having an SLR and using it on automatic is nonsense. Now, to use it manually, you have to learn.
- COST: They are more expensive than the semi-reflex and compact, and apart you have to know that they have an infinite number of accessories. Buying an SLR camera is the first of several purchases you will make.
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